The follicle is a hair growing machine but the problem comes when hair stops coming out and this can be caused by several things like a major trauma to the skin leaving scar tissue without any follicles. In some cases, the follicles are still there but they stop growing. Both men and women can suffer from this type of hair loss called Alopecia. It’s most often seen in men when the follicles around the hairline, the top of the head and right back to the crown stop growing. This can be caused by increased levels of testosterone that produces DHT which makes follicles sensitive to it causing them to lose. Hair loss is also a result of Thyroid disease, anemia, and syphilis. Alopecia is a major side effect of chemotherapy. This problem has been fixed through hair transplant procedure. Though many products are available in the market claim that these can regrow, there is no success so far. A hair transplant is a surgical process that involves taking follicles from a donor part of the body and putting them into the affected side of the balding area. This is done via two methods, strip harvesting and follicular unit extraction (FUE).
- STRIP HARVESTING
Strip harvesting involves removing a thin strip of hairy skin from the Safe Zone at the back of the head then with a very sharp knife of an even sharper scalpel slicing it up into individual follicles, that follicular Units are inserted into small slits in the skin of the bald area and the wound at the back of the head is closed with stitches and Staples while this method leaves a scar behind.
Whereas in follicular unit extraction method uses a punch tool. It looks like a tiny drill almost to cut around individual follicular unit leaving the rest of the skin intact what’s left behind is a whole load of tiny circular holes that heal to leave barely perceptible scars. There is much art and science involved.
ARE THESE PERMANENT?
The transplant depends on the area whose follicles are used to graft in the skin, their growth and thinning of hairs. Mostly the donor area in the back of the head, the hairs in this area are supposed to be more permanent but they are not 100% resistant. But all of the hair can’t be taken from that area, surgeons go all four sides of the middle region. This makes them choose more non-permanent hairs. Talking about strip harvesting, all strips can’t be crafted from the back area, the middle and side areas are also grafted. In the case of FUE, follicles are extracted from around the hairy area of the head that includes even the non-permanent hairs.