For decades, people have been researching for effective hair loss
treatments, but to vain. Despite all the technological advancements, both men
and women are still suffering from hair loss. Nonetheless, there might
not be a cure that completely stops hair fall, but there are alternatives such
as medications to slow down the procedure, surgeries or use of wigs. Hair
loss is affecting men and women across the globe and the number is going up.
Therefore, it is imperative to come up with some effective techniques to
prevent hair loss. Here we have listed both the existing as well as the
advanced hair loss research, pipeline treatments.
Current Hair Loss Treatments
Today, we have few hair loss treatments for either halting the process or for reverse miniaturization. Most treatments do not offer a permanent solution. However, they do manage the hair loss problem.
The FDA has approved two drugs namely minoxidil and finasteride. Both
drugs are effective, but the effect stops once you stop using them. There
is another drug on the market called dutasteride. The physicians sometimes
recommend it to patients looking for hair loss treatments. However, the FDA did
not approve this medicine, thus we believe it might have some adverse
effect. Dutasterideis mainly used to treat male baldness and it has the same
mechanism of action as that of finasteride. Although dutasteride is more
effective in comparison to finasteride, you need to take it daily and over time
it becomes less effective.
In hair transplant, you remove hairs from areas that are DHT resistant such as the back of the head and transplant them to the targeted area. The surgeon will implant follicular units with hair to places where the follicles are inactive. About 15 percent of the hair grows in groups of 4 or 5 whereas, 15 percent grow as a single hair. Hair transplant does not mean u will get more hair. It simply means, the surgeon evenly distributes your hair.
Low Level Laser Therapy
Low-level laser therapy stimulates the hair growth by stimulating the epidermal stem cells in the follicle. This form of light and heat treatment shifts the follicle back into the growth phase. Unlike the drugs that are limited to only men, low-level laser therapy works for women as well.
Hair Loss Research, Pipeline Treatments
Existing hair loss medicines are effective as long as you take them. Despite continuous use, they become less effective over time. Due to these reasons, researchers are looking for better and permanent alternatives.Here, we have listed some modern, in the pipeline treatments.
KROX20 Protein SCF Gene
The University of Texas researchers has identified a protein that works on cells present in the skin and commands them to become hair. In addition, the cells that are turned into hair produce another protein- Stem Cell Factor- that is imperative for hair pigmentation.In the future, the team plans to focus on finding whether the lack of KROX20 and SCF gene functionality leads to male pattern baldness.
Genetic Underlying Male Pattern Baldness
According to a study by the University of Edinburgh, about 287 genetic regions play a role in male pattern baldness. Most of these genes had a direct impact on hair structure and development.Male pattern baldness genetic signals came from the mother side, thus the team finding provides a new target for drug development and it can help predict a man’s likelihood of getting hair loss treatments in the future.