New treatments for alopecia have found to be very much effective although many of them are not FDA approved, they work wonders that is why many of the aesthetic specialists prescribe them to their patients. They use all these treatments based upon their experience and the outcomes of the medicines or lotions whatever they find good for the patient after having a thorough check-up or examination. No doubt alopecia is one of the biggest health problems which greatly affects your personality as well as shatters self-esteem and confidence. But nowadays certain recent advancement has made these treatments easier. One can choose whether one would like to opt for the surgical methods or non-surgical methods for treating their alopecia. FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) and FUT (Follicular Unit Transplant) are the most used and efficient modes of gaining back the lost hair regardless of the issues being genetic, any medication, or due to the lack of some essential vitamins. Many of us try to go for home remedies to revive the hair loss but they do work well and finally, we have to visit a specialist to help us so it’s better to consult a trichologist on the initial stages of alopecia.
New treatments for alopecia may vary depending upon several factors like what type of alopecia you are facing, what is your age, your genetic factors, type of hair loss, and the extent of baldness. So, you will be guided for the further mode of treatment after the determination of all these factors by your aesthetic specialist. Primarily every trichologist tries to treat alopecia with oral or topical medications mainly the topical ones followed by the injectables. The main purpose of all these medications is to control the immune system from getting weaker or to initiate or stimulate regrowth. Keep one thing in mind that all these oral, topical, or injectables would only be helpful if the affected area is less than 50%. If the affected area covers more than 50% then you will have to go for surgical methods to get your hair restored and all these surgical methods are guaranteed to be fruitful and authentic. These surgical methods have minimal side effects. Therefore, none of the oral therapies or devices applicable to treat alopecia is approved by FDA particularly for alopecia rather they are approved for other types of health problems.
New treatment for alopecia may involve oral corticosteroids in the initial stages. They are prescribed to treat alopecia as it helps the immune system to suppress the disease and initiate hair growth. Their best feature is that many patients observe hair regrowth in a shorter period, but it is not recommended for alopecia areata because of the side effects and other health issues which may occur because of the prolonged use of corticosteroids. Another mode of treatment is the application of topical immunoglobulins which can be diphencyprone (DPCP), dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB), or squaric acid dibutyl ester (SADBE) on the scalp. It is used to treat all kinds of alopecia including alopecia totalis, alopecia Universalis, and alopecia atrea.40% of the patients treated with topical immunoglobulins show positive signs of hair regrowth within the six months of treatment. Those who have alopecia areata for many years or they may lose their hairs because certain medications of treatment are recently being prescribed with immunomodulators which can be Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors — such as tofacitinib (Xeljanz) and ruxolitinib (Jakafi). They are in the initial phase of trials but have been very fruitful to induce hair regrowth mainly in the case of alopecia areata. Though it is not yet approved by FDA. It is under the clinical trials that’s why many side effects are not reported but its effectiveness has been proved to some extent.